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Analytical Instruments

BGA244 - Binary gas analyzer with 0.1 % accuracy

Stanford Research Systems

Pure gases, and gas mixtures, are critically important in thousands of industrial and scientific processes. A new gas analyzer from SRS can quickly, continuously, and non-invasively determine the ratio of gases in binary mixtures or check the purity of a single gas.BGA244 Binary Gas Analyzer Measures gas ratio of two gases, or purity of a single gas Non-invasive measurements Touch screen display 4 samples per second measurement rate USB, RS-232 and RS-422Features Specifications Tech Notes Software BGA244 Binary Gas Analyzer The BGA244 Binary Gas Analyzer quickly, continuously, and non-invasively determines the ratio of gases in a binary mixture, or checks the purity of a single gas. It?s ideal for a host of applications including binary gas blending, PSA (pressure swing adsorption), helium recovery, ozone purity, dopants and carrier gases, and general research where precise measurements of gas mixtures are necessary. The BGA244 operates without lasers, filaments, chemical sensors, optical sources, separation columns, reference gases, or reagents, and runs virtually maintenance-free. Principle of Operation The speed of sound in a gas depends on the temperature, specific heat, and the molar mass of the gas. By precisely measuring the speed of sound and temperature in a gas mixture, and knowing the thermodynamic properties and molar masses of the gases, the BGA244 determines the composition of gas mixtures with an accuracy of about 0.1 %. Operating Modes The BGA244 has three basic measurement modes: Binary Gas Analyzer, Gas Purity Analyzer, and Physical Measurements Analyzer. Binary Gas Analyzer Display Selecting Gases In Binary Gas Analyzer mode, the ratio of two gases is reported. In Gas Purity Analyzer mode, the purity of a single gas is reported. In Physical Measurements mode, the BGA244 reports the speed of sound, temperature, and gas pressure. This extends the BGA244?s utility beyond gas analysis, for example, to enable the measurement of thermodynamic properties of gas mixtures. Physical Measurements Display Gases can be chosen by name, formula, or CAS number on the touchscreen display or over the computer interfaces. In each mode, the BGA244 displays large numeric readouts of the parameters being measured. In the Binary Gas Analyzer and Gas Purity Analyzer modes, a needle graph shows the user-defined operating range in green, and higher and lower limits in red. Limits can be set in all modes of operation. High and low limits can be defined for gas composition, gas purity, speed of sound, temperature, and pressure. Limits can generate ?events?, setting or clearing relays. Gas Purity Analyzer Display Comprehensive Database Thermodynamic and molar mass data for nearly 500 gases have been tabulated in the BGA244, enabling the instrument to measure tens of thousands of mixtures. Gases can be added to the data tables, as can pseudo-gases (user-defined gas mixtures which are treated as one gas species). Remarkable Accuracy The accuracy of the gas composition result depends on the difference in the speed of sound between the gas species. Shown below are the typical composition errors for several gases mixtures. For measurements requiring greater accuracy, a REL to the dominant gas species can be performed to remove most of the systematic errors. With this, an accuracy of 10 ppm is possible (depending on the gas species). Contact SRS for information on your specific gas mixture. Gases Composition Error Range Hydrogen/Helium 0.04 % to 0.14 % Helium-3/Helium-4 0.11 % to 0.14 % Helium/Deuterium 0.13 % to 0.29 % Hydrogen/Argon 0.002 % to 0.049 % Helium/Air 0.005 % to 0.035 % Hydrogen/Oxygen 0.002 % to 0.035 % Oxygen/Ozone 0.053 % to 0.11 % Oxygen/Nitrogen 0.24 % to 0.26 % Nitrogen/Carbon Dioxide 0.051 % to 0.12 % Diborane/Hydrogen 0.003 % to 0.086 % Sulfur Hexafluoride/Air 0.007 % to 0.155 % TMI/Hydrogen 0.001 % to 0.002 % TMI/Nitrogen 0.006 % to 0.008 % Operating Pressure The accuracy of the BGA244 depends on knowing the operating pressure. In many cases, the pressure is stable and can be entered on the front panel or over the computer interfaces. For applications that have varying operating pressures, an external pressure gauge can be easily connected to one of the analog inputs.The BG244 operates over a pressure range that extends from a few psi up to 150 psi. Heaters, Relays, I/Os & Power BGA244 Side Panel The BGA244 comes equiped with several multipurpose analog I/Os, two user-defined event relays for process control or alarms, and cavity heaters for temperature regulation and condensation prevention. There is an input for an external 24 VDC power supply. Many customers will choose to order the optional BGA-24 power supply which can supply +24 VDC to the BGA244. Communication With the standard RS-232, RS-422 and USB computer interfaces, all instrument functions can be set and queried remotely. The instrument can operate independently or via a host computer. A Windows monitor program, BGAMon, records and displays time records of gas composition, temperature, and pressure. The program also can be used to remotely configure the instrument, copy configurations to multiple instruments, and add user gas information. Models BGA244, BGA244HP & BGA244E BGA244HP The standard BGA244 comes with 1/8"-27 female NPT gas connectors. A wide variety of stainless steel gas fitting adapters are available for interfacing with NPT, VCR, VCO, tube compression, and flexible hose fittings. The model BGA244HP High Purity Process Gas Analyzer is designed for use in high purity or corrosive environments. This model comes with welded-in-place1/4" male VCR fittings. The The BGA244HP is helium leak checked. BGA244E The model BGA244E gas analyzer is a standard BGA244 analyzer installed inside of an IP66/NEMA-4X rated, impact, UV and corrosion resistant polycarbonate enclosure. A clear, hinged door allows viewing of the BGA244 display and quick access to the instrument. The sealed enclosure protects the BGA244 from dust, weather and hose directed water. Liquid tight gas ports and flexible non-metallic cable conduit ports are located on the bottom edge of the wall mounted enclosure. The gas ports are 1/8?-27 female NPT stainless steel fittings. Electrical connections are made through 3/4? FNMC-B conduit fittings. Model BGA244OEM The BGA244 can be ordered in several OEM configurations and is priced accordingly. Please call us to discuss your application. BGA244OEM Phone: (408)744-9040 ? Fax: (408)744-9049 ? email: ? BGA244 Binary Gas AnalyzerBGA244 Binary Gas Analyzer OperationOperation Operating temperature -20 �C to +70 �C Temperature resolution 0.001 �C Temperature accuracy �0.1 �C Speed of sound range 100 to 1500 m/s Speed of sound resolution 0.001 m/s Speed of sound accuracy �0.05 % (1 atm argon at 200 sccm) Concentration accuracy �0.1 % typ. (species dependent) Measurement rate 4.4 Hz Exponential averaging Off, or 2 to 100 periods CavityCavity Volume 130 cc Operating flow rate 0 to 5000 sccm Minimum operating pressure (psi) Cavity proof pressure 2,500 psi In-bound helium leak rate 1 ? 10?8 std-cc/s (BGA244HP only) Analog I/O Analog I/O Ports 3 output ports, 2 input ports I/O port ranges 0 to 5 V, 0 to 10 V, and 4 to 20 mA Accuracy Voltage: �0.1 % + 1 mV, Current: �0.1 % + 10 �A 4-20 mA loop power 6 to 19 VDC 4-20 mA output compliance 0 to 16.8 VDC Cavity Heaters Cavity Heaters Set temperature 0 �C to 70 �C Power limit Off, or 0.5 W to 60 W Serial CommunicationSerial Communication USB WHQL high speed USB 2.0 RS-232 2400 to 115,200 baud RS-422 2400 to 115,200 baud GeneralGeneral USB power +5 V, 350 mA (when not using +24 V) +24 V Current 0.1 A to 2.5 A depending on heater power Wetted materials Electropolishe