A unique conducting state under UV-irradiation
Photoconduction, where an insulating material exhibits a semiconducting property under photoirradiation, was found in 1873, and is now applied in various devices including optical sensors, CCD cameras, remote controllers and solar cells.
This long-known important phenomenon has a weak point; it cannot produce high conduction metallic substances. Metallic conduction is more suitable or advantageous for application in electronic devices, because it consumes less energy than semiconductors. In our present work, we have found metal-like conduction behavior in a molecular crystal under UV-irradiation.
This material itself is unique in that, without irradiation, its behavior falls between metals and insulators. However, it turned out to be impossible to make it behave metallically in any method other than UV-irradiation. Such a material is often "metallized" by applying high pressure or high temperature, but this was not the case for this particular material.
In addition to the newly found metallic photoconduction, our finding is important because it indicates that there are other photoexcited states of matter possessing unique properties. In other words, we should explore the photoexcited states of various materials to find novel properties and functions just as chemists have done for hundreds of years by synthesizing new materials.
A possibly highly conducting state in an optically excited molecular crystal
Toshio Naito, Tomoaki Karasudani, Ryoma Yamamoto, Ming Yang Zhang and Takashi Yamamoto
J. Mater. Chem. C, 2019, 7, 9175-9183